May 17, 2023

Understanding early childhood development milestones

Sophie Allen
Sophie Allen
Understanding early childhood development milestones

As a parent, you play a critical role in your little one’s education and learning, especially in their early years. Understanding your little one’s development and developmental milestones is essential to ensure they receive the necessary support and encouragement to reach their full potential.

In this blog, we'll explore the main child development milestones in physical, cognitive, emotional, social, language, and sensory and motor development.

Physical Development

Physical growth is one of the most noticeable aspects of little one’s development. Gross motor skills, such as crawling and walking, develop in the first year of life. Crawling typically starts around six to ten months, and walking follows around 12-15 months. Fine motor skills, such as grasping objects, emerge as babies approach their first birthday. Encouraging your little one to crawl, walk, and play with objects can help them develop their physical abilities.

Cognitive Development

Cognitive development refers to how children learn, think, and solve problems. Each child is unique, and they learn at different rates, but there are some common milestones to look out for. For example, infants begin to understand cause and effect relationships around six months, and they can follow simple instructions by one year old. Encourage your little one’s curiosity by providing toys and games that challenge their thinking.

Emotional and Social Development

Emotional and social development are critical components of a child's overall development. Infants begin to develop attachments to their primary caregivers soon after birth. They learn to communicate their needs and wants through crying and other vocalisations. As they grow, they learn to interact with others and develop friendships. Encouraging your little one’s social skills can be done through play dates, activities, and group settings.

Language Development

Language development is a crucial aspect of cognitive development. Infants begin to communicate through crying, cooing, and babbling. By around six months, they start to understand simple words and phrases, and by two years old, they can use simple sentences. Encourage your little one’s language development by talking to them, reading books, and singing songs.

Sensory and Motor Development

Sensory and motor development refers to a child's ability to use their senses and move their bodies. Infants develop their sense of touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell soon after birth. They also learn to use their muscles to reach, grasp, and move their bodies. Encouraging your little one’s sensory and motor development can be done through providing sensory experiences such as water play, sand play, and musical instruments.

Remember that each child is unique, and they learn at different rates, but by providing a stimulating and supportive environment, you can help them achieve their developmental milestones.


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