May 16, 2023

How do I know if my baby is constipated?

Sophie Allen
Sophie Allen
How do I know if my baby is constipated?

As a parent, you want your baby to be happy and healthy, and one important aspect of your baby's health is their digestive system.

Constipation is a common issue among babies, but it can be prevented and managed with the right nutrition, parenting strategies, and developmental factors.


Nutrition is a crucial factor in preventing and managing baby constipation. It's important to ensure that your baby's diet is rich in fibre, as fibre helps to regulate bowel movements. You can include fibre-rich foods in your baby's diet such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.


If your baby is still breastfeeding, make sure you are eating a healthy, balanced diet to ensure that your baby is getting the nutrients they need. Weaning is also an important aspect of your baby's nutrition, and it can impact their digestion. When you introduce solid foods to your baby, make sure to offer a variety of healthy options, such as pureed fruits and vegetables. Avoid offering foods that are high in sugar or fat, as these can contribute to constipation.

Mother breastfeeding baby


Dehydration can also contribute to constipation, so make sure your baby is getting enough fluids. Breastfeeding or formula-feeding provide adequate hydration for your baby, but once your baby starts to eat solid foods, offer water with meals to keep them hydrated.


Lack of physical activity can also contribute to constipation, as movement helps to stimulate the digestive system. Encourage your baby to engage in physical activity, such as tummy time or crawling, to help promote healthy digestion. Parenting strategies can also play a role in preventing and managing baby constipation.

What are the signs and symptoms of baby constipation?

Here are some common signs to look out for:

  • Hard stools: One of the most obvious signs of constipation is hard, dry stools that are difficult to pass. You may notice that your baby is straining or crying during bowel movements.

  • Infrequent bowel movements: If your baby is not having bowel movements as often as usual, this can be a sign of constipation. However, it's important to note that some babies have bowel movements several times a day, while others may go several days without one. What's important is to monitor your baby's regular bowel movement pattern and identify any significant changes.

  • Pain or discomfort: If your baby is experiencing pain or discomfort during bowel movements, this can be a sign of constipation. They may cry, arch their back or appear uncomfortable.

  • Loss of appetite: If your baby is constipated, they may feel full or uncomfortable after eating, which can lead to a loss of appetite.

  • Excessive gas: Constipation can cause your baby to have excess gas, which can make them uncomfortable and fussy.

  • Stomach bloating: When babies are constipated, their stomach may appear bloated or distended.

If you notice any of these signs, it's important to take action to help relieve your baby's constipation. You can try offering your baby more fluids, such as water or diluted fruit juice, to help soften their stools. You can also try gently massaging your baby's tummy in a clockwise motion, or doing bicycle legs exercises to help stimulate their bowel movements.

Remember, constipation is a common issue among babies and can be managed with proper care and attention. By being aware of the signs and symptoms of constipation, you can take action early on to help your baby stay healthy and comfortable.


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